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Clothing Guidelines for  Painted Stone Settlers (female)
(and suggestions for  children)

This is a list of guidelines that we would like everyone to follow  for the Long Run Massacre Re-enactment. We are trying to portray women who lived  in the colonial frontier between the years of 1750 and 1781. With a particular  focus on those individuals living near the Falls of the Ohio and its surrounding  stations, settlements, and haunts.

Shifts:

Should be whiteor natural. Shift should be  appropriate to the specified time, sleeves ending in the vicinity of the elbow  and not too full, necklines low with plain edge, moderate ruffle or drawstring  for adjusting.

Hats and bonnets:

Should be of straw or unprinted  fabric.

Hoods:

May be of plain or of a period correct  patterned fabric.(Burnston, 1998, P. 38)

Caps:

Should be white or "natural." No elastic or drawstring "mobcaps."

Upper body garments:

Sleeved garments (such as short gowns, bed  gowns and jackets) are strongly preferred, instead of the so-called English  Bodice or French Bodice.Waistcoats for women (preferably sleeved, unless  worn under a jacket) should be constructed as a man’s, and have buttons. Simple  working class gowns of a cut and construction typical of 1750-1781 are  acceptable. No Prairie Dresses (19th Century.)

Petticoats:

Mandatory for women’s outfits, e.g. no women  browsing camp in just a shift. Hems should hit between the ankle and mid-calf.  (Women wearing men’s clothing are the exception.) Pockets should be worn under the petticoats.

Prints:

18th C. types of prints are acceptable when  suited to the garment and the wearer’s station in life.Paisleys and cabbage rose prints are not correct. No 19th C. or modern calicoes.

Ornamentation:

No crocheted or tatted items or trims. No wrist  watches or post 1781 jewelry other than wedding bands or sets. Remove any modern  piercing adornments and cover tattoos.

Hair:

Adolescent girls and women should wear their  hair  up  and/or capped, no bangs or hair hanging from under caps. Make-up should be discreet.

Stays and Jumps:

These are underwear and should be treated as  such, e.g. worn under an outer garment. While correct underpinnings do provide  support and a correct silhouette and are encouraged, they were not outer  garments.

Wraps/outer garments:

Include capes, cloaks, mantles, heavy woolen coats, and wraps made of either a large square folded on the diagonal or a cut  triangle. Rectangular shawls are not correct. Furn hides were probably also used for warmth. Kerchiefs, neckerchiefs, etc. are encouraged.

Fire safety:

If you will be working around a campfire, the  safest fiber you can be wearing is wool. Cotton is the most flammable of the  natural fibers, followed by hemp and linen. If you are wearing an apron with  cotton tapes, and it is tied to the front, be aware these can easily catch  fire.

CHILDREN: Babes in arms should have  a shirt or shift and a cap of linen, cotton or wool in white or natural.  Frock, shoes and stockings are optional. If using plastic diapers, please find a  way to cover them. Young children can wear shifts of linen, cotton or wool in  white or natural. The child’s frock or shift dress with a sash is  acceptable. Leading strings are fine, but do not allow a child to be near a fire or to got to sleep in a garment with leading strings. Caps and hats are optional, but preferred for both boys and girls. Boys were usually in a frock  (unbreeched) until the age of 7. Due to the expense of children’s shoes, any  black or brown lace-up modern shoes or moccasins are acceptable. Older boys and  girls dressed like their adult counterparts.

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