Painted Stone Settlers School Day Program

 Friday, September 8, 2017
 9 am – 1 pm
Red Orchard Park, Shelbyville

Teachers - Click here for a pdf printable version of the schedule.

Welcome to the Painted Stone Settlers’ School Day Program!  We hope you will enjoy our program as much as we enjoy bringing it to you.

Note:  We will instruct all groups to combine around 11:00 am for a group presentation at the bleacher site.  A program introduction will be given at this time to familiarize your class with the history behind Painted Stone Station.  While students are assembled at the bleacher area, a cannon demonstration will be given to offer students a look at military tactics in the 18th century.

Teachers, please instruct your students not to touch items unless a re-enactor tells them to do so.  Many items are authentic (meaning they are very old or hazardous to those unfamiliar with them).

Students will have approximately 15 minutes at each station (the Ladies Camp can accommodate more than one group at a time). These 15 minutes includes travel time to the next station. Alignments have been made to Core Content Assessment requirements for each station. All stations are broken down into categories based on the following topics:  Survival Skills, Home & Hearth Skills, Entertainment and Native Ways. Time has been built into your schedule to have a lunch break and bathroom breaks.

The stations that fall under this category depict many of the skills employed by frontiersmen. Many times settlers were farmers during crop growing seasons, and would take to the woods after harvesting their crops to produce additional income by trapping. Often they would be gone for months or even years on hunting or scouting expeditions, thus earning the name Longhunters. Kentucky provided prime hunting grounds for this type of occupation. Our re-enactors practice the skills and dress as their 18th century counter-parts would have done.
These basic skills were common to every family on the frontier to keep a household running smoothly. Oftentimes skills were gender specific – children learned the same tasks as their father or mother. Children might have the opportunity to earn a living practicing these skills once they matured. These stations provide a greater insight into the colonial way of living and daily routine experienced by the settlers.
Entertainment, or leisure time in general, was scarce on the frontier. We have provided you with an overview of colonial era entertainment to give you a taste of 18th century arts and humanities. Entertainment was usually in the form of singing or playing a musical instrument on the frontier. This was a simple way to convey ideas not written down, a creative form of storytelling. Annual colonial “Trade Faires” were a common site throughout the 18th century in larger towns east of Kentucky. A carnival-like atmosphere would often accompany these faires. 

Native American re-enactors will be on hand to speak to students about the Native American way of life. Students will gain a better understanding of how settlers often relied on the Native American society to survive. Tribes in Kentucky in the 18th Century were referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians, primarily a mixture of Shawnee, Mohawk and Iroquois. These tribes lived in the eastern part of the United States. As forest dwellers, they lived and learned from the land. Even though settlers and Native Americans clashed at this time, in previous centuries in America settlers had leaned valuable ideas and adopted ways of doing things (such as crop planting) from the Native American culture that helped them to survive.

Station 1:  Bag Twining. Native Re-Enactor and Painted Stone member, Allen Marsee shows haw bags can be made from simple twine.

Station 2:  Frontier Weapons.  Re-enactor Lee Lynch will demonstrate how a settlers’ life often depended upon his gun; it was used as a source of food gathering and protection. Students will understand how knowledge and technology resulted in the production of firearms such as the flintlock & Kentucky longrifle. Firearms were a common means of trade between the settlers and Native Americans.  

Station 3: Native Encampment.   Learn about native life from re-enactor Russell Morris, who portrays a Native American of the Shawnee tribe. The Shawnee along with the Cherokee were the most common tribes crossing Kentucky. He will demonstrate Native storytelling and singing. Note:  Russell is of Shawnee descent.

Station 4:  Eva Lail – Life as a Shawnee Captive.  Re-enactor Bonnie Strassell has spent much time researching white captive Eva Lail, who was 14 when she was taken captive by the British and Shawnee at the battle of Fort Ruddles on the Licking River in Kentucky. She was then brought to the Shawnee village of Peckuwe, where George Rogers Clark eventually led frontier militia on a raid.  Strassell brings Lail’s story to life and tells students what their life would have been like in Indian captivity, even if they had to run the gauntlet. 

Station 5:  Magic Dave.  Master magician Dave Cottrell, who resides in Shelbyville, will astound students will his slight of hand tricks. Magic in the colonial era was a form of street entertainment. In Europe, itinerant performers traveled the countryside as magicians performing cup & ball (colonial game), coin, and card tricks.

Station 6:  Horse-Sense.  Re-enactor Larry McQuown will demonstrate his knowledge of horsemanship. Horses were very valuable as a means of packing supplies used by longhunters and bringing back hides from hunting trips. Horses were useful when moving into Kentucky, via the Cumberland Gap, as they could be loaded down with household goods, etc. if not ridden.

Station 7:  The Iron Collection on display. Courtesy of the Fort Boonesborough Foundation. Iron was an oft used commodity on the frontier and in use generally in the 18th century and even today. Blacksmiths made tools, shoed horses and items for the home and hearth. The Fort Boonesborough Foundation acquired the collection of Frank T. Barnes in 2014. Mr. Barnes spent a lifetime collecting items from 1660 to 1880. See a real canon ball, and other actual tools used by the settlers.

Station 8:   Blacksmithing.  A blacksmith was an essential figure on the frontier. Join re-enactor Aubrey Williams as he demonstrates a blacksmith’s skills, and see why this trade benefited many in the community. A blacksmith made agricultural tools for farming (hoes, rakes, and axes), barrel hoops for wooden barrels, and household items such as pothooks, locks and utensils. Some tools employed by a blacksmith were: forge anvil, hammer, tongs, vise and file.

Station 9:  Surveying.  SAR member Scott Giltner will show how colonial surveyors provided accurate descriptions that enabled the government to grant land to settlers moving westward. Surveyors were generally literate men who learned their craft from books on surveying or through experience. Among Virginias early surveyors were John Henry (father of Patrick Henry), Peter Jefferson (father of Thomas Jefferson), and George Washington. The basic instrument used by colonial surveyors was the surveyor’s compass, commonly called a circumferentor. Additional tools might include chaining arrows or marking pins used to mark a point on the ground, a Colonial Tally belt to keep track of the number of chaining arrows, Felling axe, and hatchet.

Station 10:  Militia Life/Trade on the Frontier.  Re-enactor Jack Bowling will have on display common trade goods and currency from the period. He’ll explain the clothing and equipment of the colonial militia, which was an effective tool in the war against Britain. The militia often provided defense when frontier forts were attacked and went to the aid of other forts and settlements when needed, carrying out military duties.

Station 11:  Toys.  Re-enactor Kristi Heasley will demonstrate toys of the time period. With no modern conveniences, toys were often hand-made, many times of wood. The Game of Graces was a popular game enjoyed by children, if they were lucky enough to find spare time to play it when not doing chores. Dolls, miniature soldiers, dice and checkers were also games enjoyed by children.  

Station 12: Leather Working.   Artist Melvin Rowe a new Painted Stone Settler member will demonstrate how leather was crafted into bags and other useful items on the frontier. Melvin has even crafted a tankard out of leather. Leather was a common commodity on the frontier as game was taken for food then the leather and skins were turned into useful objects for both the hunter and the home.

 Station 13:  Flax.  Oldham County re-enactor Rod Smothers will demonstrate the necessary 18th century commodity of flax. Early colonists grew flax for the production of fabric (linen clothing), twine and rope. The Puritans introduced flax to North America, a fiber that dates back to the time of ancient Egypt.

Station 14:  Spinning  Oldham County re-enactor Ellen May will demonstrate spinning – the means by which wool from sheep and other animals was turned into thread for weaving. The wool could be dyed and May has used walnut hulls, grasses, flowers and cochineal bugs to create color for her wool. On display will be yarns and items dyed with natural dyes.

Station 15: Re-enactor Joe Burch will demonstrate the art of weaving. After flax, cotton or wool was prepared and spun the next step in the garment process was to weave it into cloth. This task could be performed by men or women. On the frontier it was most often performed by a woman and her daughters. The yarn could be dyed before weaving or the finished piece could be dyed afterwards

Station 16:  Storytelling.  Join Storyteller Mandy Dick as she spins a good yarn about the Colonial Period. In the 18th century, storytelling was a valuable way of teaching and learning in a time when not everyone could read or write. Oral traditions saved history for the next generation.

Station 17: 18th Century Artifacts. Many of the things re-enactors use and show are reproductions of actual items as seen in a museum of a book. At this station Painted Stone Member Bill Hundley has some actual 18tth Century artifacts. Children can look and see some dishes, coins household items like scissors and sugar nippers and even an ealy pair of ice skates.

Station 18:  Customs.  Painted Stone Settler members Kent Ray and Arida Gee  will give students a glimpse into the customs of the times. Similar customs were shared by settlers, including ideas, beliefs, traditions and a general way of life. Diverse cultures combined on the Kentucky frontier to give us the heritage we now have.

Station 19a:  Ladies Camp – Wool.   Camps #14 and #15 are comprised of a group of ladies depicting various skills used during the 18th century. A woman and young girl’s daily life were filled with many chores such as sewing, tending to young babies/siblings, clothes washing, spinning, gathering firewood, cooking, etc. In this station students will get a first-hand look at dying wool, a precious commodity for those long cold winters on the frontier.

Station 120:  Ladies Camp – Herbs.  In this camp students will learn uses for various herbs. Seeds had to be brought by the settlers when they relocated to Kentucky if they wanted a certain plant or herb. Certain herbs were very important for medicinal purposes.  They were also used to dye material or yarn/wool that would be made into clothing.

Station 21:   Inkle loom.  Re-enactor Debbie Jenkins Bales will demonstrate her handiwork on the inkle loom, a period tool for producing strips/bands of hand-woven warp-faced cloth. These decorative strips were used for belts, bag handles, headbands or straps to tie items together. When sewn together, the strips could be turned into bags

Station 22  Firestarting.  Re-enactor Vic Bitter of the Painted Stone Setters will demonstrate a skill known to man since pre-historic times. Necessary in any type of weather and a necessity for any campsite or cabin dwelling, firestarting (without matches) is achieved through a certain technique and diligence.

Station 23:  SAR-Patriotic Windsock (craft).   Have a little more fun before leaving our program for the day!  SAR (Sons of the American Revolution) member Colleen Wilson & her helpers will instruct students in how to make a patriotic windsock they can take home with them to remember their day on the frontier and the sacrifices made by the early setters of Shelby County, Ky.

Station 24:   SAR – Flag s.  Flags are an important part of our American heritage. Several changes have been made to the flag over the years.  Let members of the SAR show you the different flags, what they mean and the history behind them. 

Concessions Area.  Located near the camp entrance/at top of the hill.  This area includes our food vendor, Lynda Moore, as well as parking and port-a-johns.

We hope you have enjoyed your visit to the 18th century Kentucky frontier and will visit us again next year on the second weekend of Sept., 2018.

*****Presenters/stations are subject to change, based on availability for the day.

*****Students returning over the weekend can give the PASSWORD (LONGHUNTER) at the admission gate and get in free of charge.******


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