Familiar Terms of the 18th Century

atl atl – (at-la-tl) a spear throwing device

dulcimer – official musical instrument of Kentucky

Eastern Woodland Indians – forest dwellers which consisted of the following tribes:  Iroquois, Mohawk, Shawnee, and Miami Indians

hornbook – a paddle-shaped board protected by a thin layer of cow’s horn; contained the alphabet and Lord’s Prayer and was used in 18th century schools

linen – cloth made of flax

longhunter – a frontiersman who went on extended hunting trips

Low Dutch settlers – a group of people whose ancestors were from Holland, or the low countries of Europe

militia – a military organization of citizens trained for war in the colonial times

Revolutionary War – (1775-1783) war between Great Britain and the colonists (who were composed of the 13 British colonies)

powder horn – a cow or buffalo horn carried by a settler that contained gun powder

primer – (“primmer”) textbook for teaching children reading and basic educational concepts

tomahawk – a hatchet; often used in war by Native American Indians

scout – a frontiersman who would explore a new territory; often used by the army/militia

station – another name for fort

sutler – merchant

trade faire – a market for 18th century goods; a gathering of merchants, traders, artisans, longhunters, scouts, etc.

tri-corn hat – hat with three corners worn by many colonial men & boys

Familiar names associated with the Long Run Massacre and early Shelby County history:


Squire Boone                                                                Joseph Brant

Bland Ballard                                                               Col. John Floyd

Rev. John Whitaker, Aquilla Whitaker                        Isaac Shelby

Capt. Robert Tyler                                                       David Guess (Guist)

William Shannon



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